Market Deeping
2 The Green, Thurlby, PE10 0EB
4 Stamford Rd, Market Deeping, PE6 8AB

Cats are considered to be mature when they reach the age of 7 and elderly once they reach 11 years of age. Senior cats are defined as those aged 11-14 years of age and geriatric cats are those aged 15 years or more.
As cats get older there are changes to their physiology, behaviour and vulnerability to particular illnesses. These include:

Kidney disease
Dental disease
High blood pressure
Hyperthyroidism (Overactive Thyroid)
Cognitive dysfunction ('dementia')
Urinary tract infections
Heart Disease

Kidney Disease

Early signs of kidney disease can be quite non-specific and may be put down to 'old-age'. Initially all that may be evident is mild weight loss, but as the disease progresses other symptoms may begin to show including poor appetite, obvious weight loss, lethargy and dehydration. An increase in drinking and urination may be seen in some cases. Inappropriate urination may also be a sign.

Early detection and treatment can dramatically improve your cat's quality of life and longevity. Diagnosis is relatively straight forward and involves a urine test and a blood test.

Treatment includes a prescription food and possibly a dietary supplement, and in some, but not all cases, tablets. Occasionally your cat may need to be hospitalised and placed on intravenous fluids.

High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure can be caused by a number of underlying diseases. Left untreated it can damage the kidneys, liver, heart and eyes, lead to a rapid deterioration in general health and well-being and loss of vision. Once diagnosed; regular checks and treatment with daily tablets can vastly improve your cat's longevity.

Cognitive dysfunction ('dementia')

Metabolic processes in the body are constantly producing harmful by-products called free radicals which in a young animal are neutralised by anti-oxidants. In older animals, free radical production increases but unfortunately the amount of anti-oxidants decrease. This leads to excessive amounts of free radicals which can damage cells within the brain.

Your cat may show signs of being more restless, pacing behaviour, disorientation, vocalisation or a decrease in interaction with you. Your cat may also show signs of inappropriate toileting behaviour.


Difficulty defaecating and constipation can become a problem in older cats. This may be due to previous pelvic injury or other intestinal-related diseases. There are formulated diets and medications available to help with this condition.

Urinary problems

Cats are prone to urinary tract problems at all ages. Older cats, especially females, are prone to urinary tract infections as urine concentration decreases with reduced kidney function.

Dietary Considerations

With age, the nutritional requirements of your cat will change. Older cats are often less active, but also less efficient at absorbing and processing nutrients from their food.

We provide a range of nutritional foods tailored specifically to your cat's age and health requirements. To help you choose the best food for your pet we would be happy to provide an individual assessment of your cat's requirements.

Many of these conditions do not show symptoms early in their course and at this stage are only identifiable through testing. They are however likely to be progressive. The earlier a problem is detected the better it can be managed, improving longevity and quality of life for your cat. Therefore regular Health Checks are advisable. These could be combined with your annual vaccinations.